By Dan Bacher, DAILY KOS

December 1, 2022

SACRAMENTO – On Nov. 30, Governor Gavin Newsom signed a proclamation to convene a special session of the California Legislature to pass a price gouging penalty on oil companies that he said “ keep money in Californians’ pockets.”

The special session will begin on December 5 at the State Capitol in Sacramento.

The Governor’s action follows a state hearing conducted by the California Energy Commission the day before to investigate this fall’s unprecedented spike in gasoline price, according to a statement from the Governor’s Office. This spike in gasoline prices resulted in record refiner profits of $63 billion in just 90 days, disproportionately affecting low- and middle-income families.

The five major oil refiners refused to attend the hearing, although Catherine Reheis-Boyd, President and CEO of the Western States Petroleum Association and former Chair of the privately-funded Marine Life Protection Act Initiative Blue Ribbon Task Force to create “marine protected areas” in Southern California, testified on behalf of the oil industry at the hearing.

“Big oil is ripping Californians off, and the deafening silence from the industry yesterday is the latest proof that a price gouging penalty is needed to hold them accountable for profiteering at the expense of California families,” said Governor Newsom. “I’m calling a special session of the Legislature to do just that, and to increase transparency on pricing and protect Californians from outrageous price spikes in the future.”

Reheis-Boyd disagreed with Newsom’s contention that the oil industry was “profiteering.” Due to state policies that she said have resulted in an isolated gas market and limited refinery capacity, “I’m just amazed that we’re all surprised this has an impact on cost,” said Reheis-Boyd, according to Cal Matters on Nov. 30.

However, Newsom noted that this fall’s spike occurred while crude oil prices dropped, state taxes and fees remained unchanged and gas prices did not increase outside the western U.S., so the high prices went straight to the industry’s bottom line..

The text of the Governor’s proclamation convening a special session can be found here. 

During the special session, Newsom said the Legislature will also consider efforts to empower state agencies to “more closely review gas costs, profits and pricing as well provide the state with greater regulatory oversight of the refining, distribution and retailing segments of the gasoline market in California.”

“Taking action to lower prices at the pump, Governor Newsom in September ordered the switch to winter-blend gasoline and demanded accountability from oil companies and refiners that do business in California. Since California’s record-high gas prices of $6.42, the Governor’s actions have reduced those prices to $4.95 most recently – a decrease of $1.47 since the peak,” the statement said.

In the third quarter of 2022, from July to September, oil companies reported record high profits:

According to testimony delivered by Consumer Watchdog to the California Energy Commission on Nov. 29 during the CEC hearing, California’s four big oil refiners more than doubled their average profit of the last 20 years from California during the recent gasoline price spikes.

Consumer Watchdog also revealed that the four oil refiners that report quarterly profits to their investors reported 30% greater profits from California during 2022 than from anywhere else in the nation or world, according to a news release from the group.

View the group's presentation on windfall profits.


“Californians are being punished with gasoline prices that were as much as $2.60 more than US gas prices and the proof of the price gouging is in the profits reports,” said Jamie Court, president of Consumer Watchdog. “California oil refiners reported truly windfall profits in 2022, profits levels they have never reached in the last 20 years. It’s time for the state to set a windfall profits cap on oil refiners so that the Golden State gouge comes to an end.”

Reports to investors show over the last 20 years oil refiners in California made an average of 32 cents per gallon refining gasoline, this year they more than doubled the margin to make 69 cents per gallon in profit, according to Court.  

“The four refiners that report quarterly profits – Valero, PBF, Phillips 66, and Marathon – made an average of 86 cents per gallon in profit during the second quarter and 73 cents per gallon during the third quarter.  Until this year, none of the four oil refiners have made profits that have exceeded 50 cents per gallon,” said Court.


Chevron only reports its profits on an annual basis. During the last 20 years, Chevron has made profits per gallon in California that have exceeded 50 cents per gallon only 3 times.

Counting any profit above 50 cents per gallon as a windfall profit, the four refiners that report their quarterly profit would owe Californians back $1.8 billion for their windfall profits in the first three quarters of 2022, Court testified.

Court noted that California’s big five oil refiners posted overall profits of $67.6 billion in the first nine months of 2022 – nearly quadruple the $17.6 billion recorded for the same period in 2021. The five refiners -- Chevron, Marathon, PBF, Phillips 66 and Valero -- make 97% of the gasoline in California.

“Californians have paid billions too much at the pump due to oil refiners’ price gouging,” said Court. “Now it’s time for the California legislature to take up Governor Newsom’s call for a windfall profits cap during the special session and give them much needed relief.” 

In response to Newsom’s call for a special session, WSPA President Reheis-Boyd claims that the oil industry is being “demonized.”

“No one wants high energy costs, or the global market we have now that creates them. But, demonizing the oil industry must stop,” she said in a recent statement.

“What the Governor should do is promote an all of the above energy strategy and end his own policies that reduce oil supply and discourage investment in refining capacity and infrastructure.  These are the actions that create market uncertainties and higher costs to consumers,” Reheis-Boyd concluded.

Before the hearing on Big Oil windfall profits, members of the Last Chance Alliance, Oil and Gas Network and local climate justice groups held a protest in front of the California Energy Commission building from 12 noon to 1 pm. The event included songs, chants and street theatre depicting a tug of war between oil industry executives and green elves, representing the children and working families that have been impacted by Big Oil’s greed in price gouging in California during this holiday season

The elves, arrayed in bright green outfits, won in the tug of war against Big Oil honchos. Will the people of California also win the battle against the oil industry in the upcoming special session? Stay tuned!