The California stem cell agency's Standards Working Group hammered out very thorough ethical guidelines to ensure human embryonic stem cell lines derived with its funds meet the highest ethical standards. Those rules, after being approved by the oversight committee, went into effect in November 2006.
But what about lines that were derived before the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) regulations took effect? If the rules weren't even created yet, how can researchers reasonably be expected to have met all the standards?
It turns out there are some lines that were developed at the cost of millions of dollars that may soon be used in clinical trials. Apparently they don't meet the exact letter of the current regulations, but CIRM would like to be able to consider funding some research involving them.
What the SWG wanted was a process to deal with such cases.
Here's the plan that emerged:
A stem cell line may be deemed acceptably derived before November 2006 if the following criteria are met:
- Informed consent from woman or couple in IVF (and no indication that original donor would not consent for research).
- Approval of the donation protocol by an Institutional Review Board.
- Compliance with prevailing ethical and legal standards in place at the time of derivation in the jurisdiction where the derivation was carried out.
The process to determine if the criteria had been met would begin with a request to CIRM. The staff would review the request and make a recommendation to the oversight board, the Independent Citizens Oversight Committee. The review would have to include consideration of the scientific significance of the stem cell line. The ICOC would consider the request in a public meeting after publicly posting it.
Complicating the SWG's deliberations Friday was the lack of a quorum. That means the ideas will go to the ICOC as the sense of the group, not a formal recommendation. Ten of the SWG's 19 members were present, but the bylaws require a 65 percent majority.
Given the agency's ongoing difficulties with quorums, here 's another case where all would be better served if a simple majority sufficed.
The quorum issue aside, the SWG proposal makes sense. You can't expect a researcher acting in good faith to have followed rules exactly that hadn't even been spelled out. To deny funding to such a case makes no sense.
The key element is that the decision be made in public.